An Overview Of Low Back Pain


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Lower back pain is a very common problem that affects almost everyone above the age of 40 and many a times younger as well. Sedentary lifestyle and poor posture are the main causes of this problem. Moreover, lack of suppleness and inflexibility in vertebra leads to serious back injury or strain.

Depending on the duration, back pain is segregated into three forms:

* Acute- takes less than six weeks to heal
* Sub-acute- takes 6-12 weeks to heal
* Chronic - takes more than 12 weeks to heal

Symptoms of Lower back pain

* Painful spasm in muscles of back
* Pain in upper spinal
* Night sweating
* Pain can travel down till buttocks, legs and then foot
* Sneezing and coughing can worsen the lower back pain
* In case the pain is sciatic, signs such as numbness, tingling, and burning sensation may occur.

Causes

The main cause leading to lower back pain is straining of muscles and other structures like ligaments or tendons association with vertebrae. Many a times, the cushion between intervertebral discs gets strained, which herniates and causes compression of nerves leading to sciatica. This causes lower back pain that is inflammatory in nature.

Other important factors contributing to lower back pain are excessive depression, pinched nerves, spinal arthritis, hip bursitis, oxygen deficiency, sciatica, muscle injury, and osteoporosis.

Diagnosis

A chiropractor, doctor, physiotherapist, or an osteopath can perfectly diagnose your lower back pain. There are certain guidelines for physicians dealing with patients having lower back problem, which are as follows:

* First is to rule out the chances of any other conditions that can be responsible for back pain.
* There are various warning signs or factors that require doctor's immediate medical attention. These factors might point to something grave than just a mechanical lower back pain. Those factors are:

1.Patient is older than 55 or younger than 20, when lower back pain first strikes him
2.Pain occurs after some violent injury like accident
3.Pain is steady or in the upper spine
4.Patient has cancer or had it in the past
5.Patient is a drug abuser, uses steroids, or has HIV
6.Significant loss of weight
7.Difficulty in bending forward
8.Patient has developed structural deformity

Treatment

* The main facet about lower back pain is that you need not worry. It would disappear in sometime on its own.
* You are required to stay fit and active, be it at home or at work.
* Bed rest is good but excess of rest can further worsen the pain.
* Try some pain killers like ibuprofen and paracetamol.
* Stay away from activities demanding you to strain your back like lifting, bending, and so on.
* Do visit a physician when you first get lower back pain.

In case the pain becomes chronic and persists for more than 12 weeks, take some precautionary measures such as exercise daily, eat healthy, stay fit and maintain right postures.