All That You Wanted To Know About The Sciatic Nerve


The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in both, humans as well as animals. It is the longest as well as the widest nerve in the human body. While most nerves are thin, the sciatic nerve is quite thick. At its thickest point, the diameter of this nerve can be three fourth of an inch. Sciatic Nerve

This nerve begins in the lower back, extends through the hips and thighs, and reaches the toes. There are two sciatic nerves in the body. Each of them runs across either side of the spine. Both the sciatic nerves travel through each of the buttocks. They continue through the thighs and extend till the back of the knees. At the knees, it branches out into various other nerves. All these branches of the sciatic nerve culminate at the feet.

The branches of the sciatic nerve can be broadly classified into two categories: articular and muscular. While the articular branches stem from the upper part of the nerve, the muscular branches are distributed towards the lower limbs.

Though every single nerve in the body performs some function, the functions of the sciatic nerve cannot be ignored in particular.

* The sciatic nerve is responsible for all the communication between the lower part of the body and the brain. It sends signals to the brain via the spinal cord.
* This nerve controls all the movement in the lower half of the body.
* It is because of this nerve that we feel the sensations in the lower body.
* The sciatic nerve enables the flexing of our hips and knees.
* It also controls the movement of the feet.

Sciatic Nerve And Sciatica
Sciatica is a common medical condition that is characterized by pain in the lower back and the legs. This condition is caused as a result of the inflammation of the sciatic nerve. Owing to various factors, sometimes extra pressure is exerted on the sciatic nerve. This leads to the compression and eventually inflammation of the nerve. This condition is popularly known as sciatica.

Dealing with sciatica can be a little difficult primarily because of the pain it brings along. The pain can be quite severe and sometimes may even impair movement. It may be accompanied with needle like or a tingling sensation in the thighs. However, there are some sciatic patients who deal with a numb kind of pain.

The good part is that sciatica can be treated. There are several natural therapies such as acupressure, reflexology, yoga, hydrotherapy, chiropractic treatment and the like that can be used to treat sciatica. In extreme cases, a surgery may be required.

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