Sciatica Related Conditions


Share

There are several medical conditions that are related to sciatica. While some of them are simply a cause of sciatica, there are some that could be an outcome of the same. On the other hand, there are also some medical conditions that co-exist with sciatica. Here is taking a look at some of the conditions related to sciatica.

Cauda equine syndrome
This condition refers to compression of nerves that lie at the end of the spinal canal. Some of the common causes of cauda equine syndrome include herniated discs, spinal tumors, localized infection or bleeding near the spinal cord. This condition is characterized by various symptoms such as low back pain, tingling in the buttocks, numbness, weakness and extreme pain. Since cauda equine syndrome is an emergency condition, it requires immediate surgical treatment.

Herniated disc
This one is perhaps the most common cause of sciatica. Our spine comprises of various discs. These discs can degenerate due to various reasons such as age or injury. Owing to degeneration, the softer inner portion of the discs ruptures outside. This abnormal rupture of the inner portion of the disc is known as herniated disc. A herniated disc usually occurs between the fourth and the fifth vertebra of the spinal column.

Pinched nerve
Nerves work like electric chords carrying signals to and from our body. When a nerve is damaged or injured as a result of direct pressure or any kind of compression, it could lead to a pinched nerve. Pinched nerve in the lower back could lead to the compression of the sciatic nerve, resulting in sciatica. There can be several causes of a pinched nerve such as arthritis, bone spurs, spinal stenosis and herniated disc.

Radiculopathy
This condition is caused as a result of compression of a nerve in the spine. Radiculopathy is characterized by various symptoms such as weakness, numbness or tingling in the spine. This condition primarily affects the lower back. Activities that cause excessive load on the spine are primarily responsible for this condition. Diabetes could also be responsible for this condition as it can reduce the flow of blood towards the spine.

Lower back pain
Sciatica and lower back pain go hand in hand. Pain in the lower spinal region is perhaps the most common outcome of sciatica. However, sciatica may not be the only underlying cause responsible for back pain. There can be several other factors too such as injury, physical exertion, aging and the like. It is important for one to figure out the cause of exact lower back pain before opting for a particular treatment.

If you are suffering from sciatica, it is important that you watch out for these related conditions too.